Category Archives: Wood


Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Pam Honaker
October 28, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.
Chicago and New York, Volume II
Pg. 465


JACKSON FAMILY. John Jackson was born near Londonderry, Ireland, in
1719, was reared in the City of London, where he learned the builder’s
trade, and in 1848 crossed the ocean to Calvert County, Maryland. About
1769 he and his family crossed the mountain into Northwestern Virginia, and
made permanent settlement on the Buckhannon River, just below Jackson’s
Fort. Both he and his wife had experiences during the period of Indian
warfare, and in mental, moral and physical strength they were fitted to
become the forebears of an illustrious race of descendants. John Jackson
died at Clarksburg September 25, 1801. His wife, whose maiden name was
Elizabeth Cummins, died in 1825. Of their eight children the second son,
Edward, was the grandfather of Thomas Jonathan Jackson, know to immortal
fame as Gen. Stonewall Jackson.

Their first born son was known as Col. George Jackson. He was born
aabout 1750 and in 1773 entered 400 acres of land in the vicinity of
Clarksburg. He had a sound mental and physcial inheritance, and was a
natural leader, though without the oppurtunities to secure a literary
education. He was with the frontier militia in the Indian wars, was
commissioned colonel of a Virginia regiment by General Washington in the
Revolution, and 1781 joined General Clark’s expedition against the British
at Detroit. The first County Court of Harrison County was held at his home
in 1784. He was elected a member of the House of Burgesses, was a member of
the State Convention that ratified the Federal Constitution, and three times
was chosen a member of Congress. It is said that a speech he made in
Congress caused so much amusement among the members that he announced he
would go home and send his son to Congress, and he would not be laughed at.
His son John, in fact immediately succeeded him, entering the Eighth

This son, John George Jackson, was born near Buckhannon, Virginia, and
died at Clarksburg in 1825. He was liberally educated by his father, was
elected a member of the Legislature in 1797, was appointed surveyor of
Goverment lands west of the Ohio in 1793, and as noted was elected to
Congress as successor of his father, serving from the Eighth to the
Fourteenth congressess inclusive, except the Twelfth. He was a brigadier
general of militia and in 1819 appointed United States judge for the Western
District of Virginia, and was on the bench when he died . The first wife of
John George Jackson was Mary Payne, who was born about 1781 and died
February 13, 1808. She was a daughter of John and Mary (Coles) Payne. She
and Mr. Jackson were married in the executive mansion in the White House.
That honor was granted the bride by virtue of her being a sister of the wife
of the President of the United States, the famous Dolly Madison. The second
wife of John George Jackson, by whom is descended another line of the
Jackson family in West virginia, was a daughter of Return Jonathan Meigs, of
the distinguished Meigs family of Ohio.

The only son of the first marriage of John George Jackson was Gen. John
Jay Jackson, who was born in Wood county, Virginia, February 13, 1800. Much
of his early life was spent in Parkersburg. He was educated privately and
in Washington College in Pennsylvania, and by appointment from President
Monroe entered West Point Military Academy in 1815, graduating in his
nineteenth year. As an officer of the Regular army he performed service in
the Seminole war in Florida, and at one time was a member of Gen. Andrew
Jackson’s staff. About January 1, 1823 he resigned his commission and
turned his attention to the law. He soon reached the front ranks of his
profession and was many times elected to public office. From 1830 to 1852
he was prosecuting attorney in the Circuit Superior Court. He was a
brigadier general of Militiia from 1842 until the beginning of the Civil
war. His last public service was as a member of the Convention at Richmnd
in 1861, wher he eloquently upheld the Union. He organized and was
president of the Second National Bank of Parkersburg. He died January 1,

Gen. John Jay Jackson married in 1823 Emma G. Beeson, who died in 1842.
In 1843 he married Jane. E. B. Gardner.

While without doubt one of the ablest and most useful men in his
generation in Parkersburg and his section of Virginia, Gen. John Jay Jackson
had perhaps an even greater distiction in being the father of five eminent
sons, all of whow became conspicious in the history of West Virginia. These
sons were Judge John Jay Jackson, United States District Judge James Monroe
Jackson, Governor Jacob Beeson Jackson, Henry Clay Jackson and Andre Gardner

John Marshall

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
December 7, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume II
pg 100

John Marshall, a busy Parkersburg lawyer, represents the third successive
generation of that family in the legal profession, and his ancestry
altogether is one that has had a close relationship with the history of the
Western Virginia country from earliest pioneer times.

His great-great-grandfather, Aaron Marshall, was a soldier under General
Washington during the French and Indian war, lived prior to the Revolution in
Soutwestern Pennsylvania, and in 1780 moved to Hancock County, Virginia. His
son John, who was born in 1782 and died in 1859, spent his entire life in
Hancock County. James G. Marshall, grandfather of the Parkersburg lawyer,
was born in Hancock county, November 21, 1826, and died October 6, 1902. He
was an able attorney and served twenty-four years as prosecuting attorney of
Hancock County. He was a republican, and his example in politics has been
followed by subsequent generations. He married Lavina Miller, and her two
sons, Erastus D. and Oliver S., both became lawyers.

Oliver S. Marshall, whose home is at New Cumberland in Hancock County, was
born September 24, 1850. He graduated from Bethany College in 1878, and has
for many years served as a trustee of that institution. He was a member of
the State Senate three times, being president of the Senate in 1899, and was
a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1892. Oliver S. Marshall
married, September 8, 1880, Elizabeth Tarr, who was born at Wellsburg, this
state, daughter of Campbell and Nancy (Hammond) Tarr. Campbell Tarr was one
of the historic figures in the formation of the State of West Virginia, and
as a delegate from Brooke County withdrew from the secession convention at
Richmond. He was a member of the conventions at Wheeling, served as
treasurer of the Provisional Government, and was the first state treasurer.

John Marshall, only son of Oliver S. and Elizabeth (Tarr) Marshall, was born
July 28, 1881, at New Cumberland He finished his literary education at
Bethany College, where he graduated A. B. and A. M. in 1902, received his A.
B. degree from Yale College in 1903, and graduated in law from the University
of West Virginia in 1904. The following year he began his practice at
Parkersburg, and has gained prominence both as an able business lawyer and on
the public side of his profession. From 1908 to 1912 he was assistant United
States attorney of the Northern District of West Virginia. Mr. Marshall was
a delegate from West Virginia to the Republican National Convention at
Chicago in 1920. In 1921 he was appointed special assistant to the United
States attorney general to try cases involving alien enemy property seized by
the Government.

Besides his work as a lawyer he has been a director of the Smoot Advertising
Company, Ohio Valley Publishing Company, Parkersburg Publishing Company,
Parkersburg Ohio Bridge Company, United States Roofing & Tile Company, and a
director of the Chamber of Commerce. He has been for several years chairman
of the Wood County Chapter of the American Red Cross. He was the organizer
and first president of the Rotary Club at Parkersburg, is a member of the
college fraternities Beta Theta Pi, Delti Chi, Theta Nu Epsilon, and is a
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also a member
of the Parkersburg Country Club, Blennerhassett Club, and is a member of the
Christian Church.

M. Marshall married, January 25, 1906, at Wheeling, Miss Rebecca Cooper
Pauli, a native of Wheeling and daughter of Joseph F. and Emma (Senseney)
Pauli. Her grandparents were Judge James and Jane Ann (Fry) Pauli. The
former was a judge of the Supreme Court of West Virginia. Her grandmother
was a daughter of Judge Joseph L. Fry, who was a descendant of Colonel Fry,
at one time colonel of the Virginia regiment in which George Washington was
lieutenant-colonel. Washington succeeded to the command of the regiment when
Colonel Fry was killed in action. Mrs. Marshall’s father was a prominent
Wheeling manufacturer and financier. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall have two
children: John, Jr., born February 22, 1908, and Joseph Pauli, born May 29,

Lewis M. Ludow

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Pam Honaker
October 28, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.
Chicago and New York, Volume II
Pg. 464


LEWIS M. LUDLOW is president and manager of the Acme Fishing Tool
Company, one of the important industries that contribute to the prestige
Parkersburg enjoys as a business and industrial center o f the oil and gas
interests in the territory.

Mr Ludlow, who first can to West Virginia for his health and has
remained to engage in business affairs, was born at Ludlow, near New York
City, in Westchester County, New York , May 25 1884, son of Thomas W. and
Harriet (Carnochan) Ludlow, his father English and his mother of
English-Scot ancestry. The New York town of Ludow was named for his
grandfather, Thomas W. Ludlow, who gave the right of way to the New York
Central Railroad.

Lewis M. Ludlow was reared at Ludlow, attended St. John’s School and
Military Academy at Ossining, New York and subsequently entered Columbia
University at New York City, where he pursued special studies for about
three years. Lack of money not permitting him to remain to graduate, he
turned his attention to the confectionery business, and having for some time
suffered ill health he sought a change of climate, removing to West Virginia
in 1910. For two years he was in Roane County with the Louis F. Payn Oil
Company, and his work pur him in practical touch with every phase of oil
production. With this experience he felt justified in entering the oil
business on his own account, but in a short time had lost all his capital
and the venture was almost disastrous.

Mr. Ludlow in 1912 became associated with the late George L. McKain,
founder and president of the Acme Fishing Tool Company at Parkersburg. He
remained with Mr. McKain until 1912, when he resigned his position to enter
into the importing business in New York City. Upon the death of Mr. McKain
he returned to Parkersburg and again associated himself with the Acme
Fishing Tool Company, in the capacity of president.

Mr. Ludlow is a member of the Episcopal Church, is a republican,
belongs to the Chamber of Commerce, the Kiwanis Club, Country Club, is a
member of the advisory and thirty-second degree Scottish rite Mason, a
member of Nemesis Temple of the Shrine, and the Benevolent and Protective
Order of Elks. In 1914 he married Harriet McKain, daughter of George L.
McKain. They have one daughter, Ann.