Category Archives: Harrison

Clarence Wheeler Leggett

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
April 13, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 410

CLARENCE WHEELER LEGGETT, prominent Clarksburg
financier and business man, moved to that city more than
a quarter of a century ago, reaching here with a very
limited capital, and the large and important concerns
now associated with him and in which he is a vital and
responsible factor are a measure of his growing abilities
and personal achievements.

Mr. Leggett was born on a farm near Waterford, Wash-
ington County, Ohio, May 12, 1856, son of Samuel and
Rebecca (Cooksey) Leggett. The Leggett family was
among the first to enter the Northwest Territory beyond the
Ohio River. His great-grandfather moved from Baltimore,
Maryland, over the Alleghenies, for a time lived in an
Indian blockhouse on the site of the modern Waterford and
not far from the historic City of Marietta. Robert Leggett,
grandfather of the Clarksburg business man, was born in
this block house in 1796. The Leggetts are descended from
three brothers who came from England to the American
Colonies. Samuel Leggett and Rebecca Cooksey both
claimed a village named Waterford as their birthplace,
though the Waterford of Samuel Leggett was in Ohio, while
his wife’s birthplace was Waterford, Virginia. They had
two children, the only daughter Janie C. being deceased.
The parents spent their lives in Washington County, Ohio,
where the father was a farmer. He was an elder in the
Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

Clarence Wheeler Leggett grew up on his father’s farm,
attended rural schools, and completed his education in the
Cumberland Presbyterian College at Beverly, Ohio. He
graduated in 1876 at the age of twenty from Duff’s Busi-
ness College at Pittsburgh. Then followed an experience
as a drug clerk in Ohio and subsequently in West Virginia
and from clerking he was made salesman and later manager
of the drug department of the J. N. Murdoch & Company,
wholesalers at Parkersburg. Still later he was city salesman
and finally assistant buyer for the wholesale grocery house
of C. C. Martin & Company of Parkersburg.

Mr. Leggett removed from Parkersburg to Clarksburg
in 1895, and here established a merchandise brokerage busi-
ness. This original line is still retained by him, though his
interests are now broadly divided. The merchandise broker-
age business is continued under the firm name of C. W.
Leggett & Company. Mr. Leggett in 1908 bought the
building occupied by the General Distributing Company,
and the business of the Central Storage Company, and he
still owns and operates this. He is chairman of the board
of directors of the Clarksburg Trust Company, a director
of the Empire National Bank of Clarksburg, president of
the Community Savings & Loan Company, is treasurer of
the Eagle Convex Glass Specialty Company.

Mr. Leggett arrived at Clarksburg, November 7, 1895.
The capital he brought for the purpose of establishing him-
self in business was less than $500. More important was
his determination to succeed, a diligent application of
subsequent years, and the energy and ability that have paved
the way to substantial success. Open and frank in his
business dealings, always maintaining strictest regard for
integrity of character and honesty, he has long enjoyed
the confidence of all with whom his varied and extended
affairs bring him in contact.

Mr. Leggett is a democrat, and that was the political
faith of his ancestry. He is a Knight Templar and thirty-
second degree Scottish Rite Mason, a Shriner, life member
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, a Knight
of Pythias and a member of the United Commercial
Travelers. As a citizen of Clarksburg he has rendered a
constant public spirit and influence in behalf of sound
progress, though he has not been active in city politics.
He was one of the organizers of the Clarksburg Board of
Trade, now the Clarksburg Chamber of Commerce, and is
active in its membership.

Mr. Leggett in 1895 married Miss Mary G. Coleman
They have one child, Frances H.

Jesse G. Lawson

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
July 23, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 531-532

JESSE G. LAWSON, president and the organizer of the
First National Bank of Bridgeport, Harrison County, has
been one of the world’s constructive workers, has enjoyed
his work and has found life full of compensation. He has
shown a fine sense of civic and personal stewardship, and
has been specially interested in educational affairs.

Mr. Lawson is a native son of Harrison County, his birth
having occurred on the family homestead farm on Bushy
Fork of Elk Creek, seven miles south of Bridgeport, on
the 17th of February, 1856. He is a son of Abner and
Magdalena (Nutter) Lawson, who passed their entire lives
in Harrison County, where the respective families were
founded in the early pioneer days. Abner Lawson was one
of the substantial farmers and honored citizens of Harrison
County, and was influential in community affairs of public

After receiving the discipline of the rural schools Jesse
Of. Lawson was for two terms a student in West Virginia
College at Flemington, Taylor County. Later he continued
his studies in well conducted “pay schools” in his native
county and in Lewis County, and he put his acquirements
to practical test when he became a teacher in the rural
schools, his first term of school having been taught in
Lewis County, in 1877, and he having later been a successful
teacher in the schools of Harrison County. He continued
his activities in the pedagogic profession for twenty years,
was progressive in his attitude, broadened his studies to
meet the requirements of the advancing standards in local
educational affairs, and did a service of enduring value
as is ever true when practical aid is given in teaching the
youth of any locality in any period. Mr. Lawson’s deep
appreciation of the value of popular education has caused
him to maintain at all times a deep interest in the further-
ing of educational work in his home county and state.

In 1896 Mr. Lawson was elected assessor of what was
then known as the lower assessment district of Harrison
County, of which office he continued the incumbent four
years, besides which he served four years as deputy asses-
sor. While engaged in teaching he maintained his home on
his well improved farm on Bushy Creek, a property which
he still owns, though Bridgeport has been his place of
residence since March 17, 1898.

In 1920 Mr. Lawson became one of the leading promoters
in the organization of the First National Bank of Bridge-
port, and through his vigorous and well ordered campaign
was effected the sale of all of the stock of the new institu-
tion, which received its charter on the 19th of October of
that year and which bases its operations on a capital stock
of $50,000. He was elected president of the bank, and as
its chief executive has directed its policies with character-
istic discrimination and ability. In politics Mr. Lawson
gives staunch allegiance to the republican party, he is af-
filiated with the Masonic fraternity, and he and his family
hold membership in the Methodist Protestant Church at
Bridgeport, he being a teacher in its Sunday School and
the leader of the parents’ class in the same.

On the 8th of September, 1897, was solemnized the mar-
riage of Mr. Lawson and Miss Minnie C. Henry, of Tyrcon-
nell, Taylor County, she being a daughter of John H. and
Eliza (Marker) Henry. Mr. and Mrs. Lawson have three
children: Marion G., who remains at the parental home,
is a musician of exceptional and well developed talent;
Magdalena H. is, in 1922, a student in Western Maryland
College at Westminster, Maryland, where she is preparing
herself for teaching; and John H. Abner is a member of
the senior class in the Bridgeport High School.

Levi Morgan

The Levi Morgan Story.

Levi Morgan born 26 June 1766, in Morgantown, West Virginia was the
grandson of the first white settler of West Virginia, Colonel Morgan
Morgan. The Colonel was named Morgan Morgan (actually old world style:
Morgan ap Morgan or Morgan of Morgan) because he was the son of two
Morgan parent . The Colonel was born in Wales in 1688 and died in November
1766. Levi was born in June, 1766. The assumption was that Levi never knew
his grandfather, only his grandmother, Catherine Garrettson. She died in
1773 when Levi was seven years old.

Levi’s father was Colonel Zackquill Morgan, a man very prominent in the
history of Virginia, especially during the Revolutionary period. Colonel
Zackquill was born 1735, at Bunker Hill, Virginia (now Berkley County,
West Virginia) where his father (Col Morgan Morgan) was a colonial fur
trader and wealthy land owner. He is said by many to be the first white
settler in the West Virginia area. Col Zack’s wife (and Levi’s mother)
was Drucilla Springer; her Prickett-Springer family was also very rich in
the history of Virginia-West Virginia area. Col. Zack was an acquaintance
of General George Washington, who thought of Zackquill when a County
Lieutenant was needed to settle what became Morgantown, Monongalia County
West Virginia. The Colonel owned the land with rights to sell and settle
(there are many deeds found in various published books to prove this
statement). His wife and children each owned portions of this area, and
they were also found in the deed books of both Harrison and Monongalia
counties (found by Jae and Dr. Tom Breitweiser on trips to Virginia and
West Virginia.) After many years, most of this land is not owned by family
members, but there are many allied descendants living in this area.

Levi Morgan is one of my favorite ancestors in over 25 years of research.
Several “cousins” from this family line have worked to find the first wife
of Levi and as of this date, no avail.
The wedding date is known and the person performing the marriage is also
known. [The Justice of Peace William Haymonds (who married them) was with
Levi in the Militia, and his son wrote in his book that “Captain Levi
Morgan was married 10 th July 1793 by my father.”] The place was West
Virginia at possibly Fort Kerns, a stockade during the Indian troubles.
He was often called “Spy Man” in records.

My daughter, Anne had not been very interested in genealogy until several
years ago; she helped by entering data into the computer until this report.
The Morgan line (also on my father’s side) and Sheegog line really began
to interest me as I continued reading about the rich family history (most
interesting is the Colonial, Frontier, French, Indian and Revolutionary

Levi’s education was unknown; however, in the Draper Manuscripts (compiled
by Lymnan Draper and found by Jae Breitweiser) a letter survives which
Levi wrote and signed as “an Officer of the Government.” He informed the
local governor of some horse thieves and the pursuit of retrieving them;
this letter was well written. It was known that he, unlike the typical
frontiersman, could read and write. Therefore he had some sort of
education, possibly with tutors. I-Es grandfather, Col Morgan Morgan,
was educated in London, and it was obvious that all of his children could
read and write. There are wills, deeds and other public records that
survive this group as proof Levi (according to Draper’ information) could
fluently speak the Delaware (Indian) language.

Levi grew up around the Delaware Indians (his parents and grandparents
were from the Delaware area and this possibly was how he learned to speak
their language.) He was an Indian Fighter most of his adult life, and
several of his stories (including those crediting Simon Kenton in The
Frontiersman) were included in the Allan W. Eckert books about this era.
Eckert also used the Draper Manuscripts as one of his primary sources,
such as the story about Levi and his brother James, when their Uncle David
Morgan (an Indian Fighter) came to visit their father (Col Zack). In the
book The Frontiersman, Eckert adapted this story about Simon Kenton.
[We have the document directly from the Draper MSS about Levi, which
proves that this is the same story!]

Levi participated in many great battles and was also a Captain at Fort
Paw Paw in Marion County, West Virginia. In November of 1791, Levi was
with General St Clair when he was defeated by the Indians. Over 600 of the
1,400 General Harmer men were killed and 271 wounded. The frontiersman
(probably including Levi) tried to tell the generals how to fight the
Indians (which they had done for some time successfully) but they would
not listen. The formal British lines were used and of course, the battle
lines did not hold. In some cases the British soldiers panicked as the
Indians came at them howling loudly with painted faces and hatchets. Many
were hacked to death or beheaded and many of the woolen uniformed British
soldiers ran instead of retreating as a group. The result being the
greatest defeat in America at that time.

The next year (1792) Kentucky became a state, and Levi and his two sons
(David and John) came to this area some time before the 1820’s. It seemed
that the first (and possibly a second) wife was killed or died in West
Virginia, Levi’s oldest son, David, was named after Colonel Zackquill’s
brother, David the Indian Fighter and is our ancestor who married Martha
Bunch. They later lived in Jeffersonville Clark Co. Indiana (about 1832.)

During the next several years Levi was in various military or militia
battles. He possibly trained under Samuel Brady and Lewis Wetzel and
became a “Spy” with General Anthony Wayne, who became known as “Mad
Anthony.” In 1795 his father Col Zackquill Morgan died. From both Harrison
and Monongalia Counties of West Virginia, various court recorders record
Levi in these areas as a bail bondsman; he owned a grist mill in Catawba.
Levi also testified in many court trials as a character witness; so
apparently, he was well respected in these communities. He did not move
from Monongalia to Harrison county; Harrison was formed from Monongalia in

One of the most interesting court cases (found by Jae and Tom is Morgan vs
Stealey, OS 82, NS28) in January 1802, this was the result of the entire
Morgan family (of siblings etc.) being sued by Levi to regain his
Morgantown, West Virginia, property and cabin. Levi (in 1799) had “gone
down the river to New Orleans” with some boats belonging to a friend, but
did not return until 1802. His family and others thought he had died. He
sued, but over several years of court battles, gave up the lawsuit and
eventually left West Virginia. He married Elizabeth Graham in 1815, They
moved to Kentucky, but in 19 13, he was in the Kentucky militia and in the
Battles in Vincennes.

In 1813 Levi’s mother, Drucilla Springer Morgan, signed a deed in
Morgantown, which was the last time a document with her signature appeared.
She may have died about this time. Levi left West Virginia soon after this
time. However, some documents show that he was still in West Virginia,
until 1818-22. His child with Elizabeth (Melinda, her first) but often
called Solinda in old records, was born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, in
1818, and the other two children (sons, Springer Newton and Elias Graham)
born within several years.

The last known record which concerned Levi was a marriage bond in
September 1825. He signed for his niece Catherine (daughter of his
favorite brother James) to marry her cousin John H. Morgan in Jefferson
County, Kentucky. John is the son of James, who’s father was David the
Indian Fighter, Levi’s cousin. A lot of the Morgans had come to the
Kentucky Indiana area by that time. Many other went to Illinois, others
later to Oregon.

Levi hunted and trapped most of his life and may have lived on 650 acres
near the Salt River and Ohio River. This was apparently one of his hunting
grounds. In 1825 (sometime after September) he was hunting in this area
and an early blizzard caught him unprepared. He was found some time later
“frozen to death in a favorite tree,” a camp hideout. In those days,
Sycamore trees were large enough inside for a person to make camp.

Levi was fifty-nine when he died. His last child, Elizabeth was born
nearly eight months after his death. According to our ancestor, David, in
the account he gave to Lymnan Draper in 1850, “Levi was 5’9″, stocky built
with black hair and had seven children.” In the various accounts, Levi was
buried near the spot he was found dead. Jae and I think this area became
a part of the “eminent domain land” in Fort Knox, Kentucky. [His actual
place of burial is not known. We do know he was not buried in the Fairdale,
Kentucky, churchyard where most of his wife’s descendants and their family
are buried.)

Levi has many descendants who are interested in the history of this
ancestor. Many live in the Kentucky area, the area where he settled in the
1800’s (near Louisville.) I think that his death is as interesting as his
life. He was always the frontiersman, hunter, government spy, militiaman
and Indian Fighter; and he died the way he lived, hunting and communing
with nature. I think Levi really is one of our most interesting ancestors
and because of him, we have been able to explore the time and history in
connection with his life.

Submitted by: Pat Sheegog-Vinson and Bill Cunningham
Please visit the original draft version below at Wetzel County site

At the site of the original draft, there are pictures of the Levi statue
in New Martinsville in the Court House Square and source documention for
the “Levi Morgan Story”.

Louis Arthur Johnson

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770



dress: Clarksburg, West Va. One of the representatives
from Harrison county. Born in Roanoke county, Vir-
ginia; educated in the public schools and in the University
of Virginia, receiving from that institution the degree of
B. L.; a lawyer by profession. Before entering upon
active practice, he served as assistant instructor in the
University of Virginia; elected to the legislature in 1916;
in the sessions of 1917 was made chairman of the Judiciary
committee, serving, also, on the following committees:
Virginia Debt, Elections and Privileges, Game and Fish,
Forfeited and Unappropriated Lands, Forestry and Con-
servation and Printing and Contingent Expenses.

Submitted by: Valerie Crook

Nathan Goff

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770


pg. 719

United States Senators.

NATHAN GOFF (Republican), of Clarksburg, was born at Clarksburg, Va.
(now W. Va.), February 9, 1843; was educated at the Northwestern Virginia
Academy, Georgetown College, and the University of the City of New York;

was admitted to the bar in 1865; in 1867 was elected a member of the West Vir-
ginia Legislature; in 1868 was appointed United States attorney for the dis-
trict of West Virginia, to which position he was reappointed in 1872, 1876, and
1880; resigned the district attornyship in January, 1881, when he was appointed
Secretary of the Navy by President Hayes; in March, 1881, President Garfield
appointed him district attorney for West Virginia, which position he again re-
signed in July, 1882; enlisted in the Union Army in June, 1861, in the Third
Regiment Virginia Volunteer Infantry; served as lieutenant and adjutant of
Company G, and as major of the Fourth Virginia Volunteer Cavalry; was Re-
publican candidate for Congress in 1870 and 1874 in the first West Virginia dis-
trict; was candidate of the Republican Party for governor of West Virginia in
1876, and was defeated by Hon. H. M. Mathews; was elected to the Forty-
eighth, Forty-ninth, and Fiftieth Congresses; in 1888 was elected governor on
face of the returns, but the legislature, which was Democratic, seated his op-
ponent; was appointed United States circuit judge in 1892 for the fourth judicial
circuit, including the States of West Virginia, Maryland, Virginia, North Caro-
lina, and South Carolina, and was married in 1867 to Miss Laura E. Despard, of
Clarksburg, and has two sons; was elected United States Senator by the legis-
lature February 21, 1913. His term of service will expire March 3, 1919. Com-
mittee assignments Sixty-fifth Congress: Banking and Currency, Claims,
Conservation of National Resources, Expenditures in the Department of Labor,
Immigration, Interoceanic Canals, Pensions, Philippines, Railroads, and Uni-
versity of the United States.

Submitted by: Valerie Crook

Newton Van Wilson

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
September 26, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 276
Braxton County

NEWTON VAN WILSON, one of the experienced and suc-
cessful practitioners at the bar of Gassaway, is serving
the city as its attorney, and is rendering his community
an efficient service both in a public and private capacity.
He was born at Glendon, Braxton County, September 30,
1872, a son of William M. and Phoebe (Frame) Wilson.
William M. Wilson was born at Ireland, Lewis County,
West Virginia, January 4, 1826, while his wife was born
in Clay County, West Virginia, and she died in 1875.
Both were reared to farm life, and their educational train-
ing was restricted to that afforded by the local schools.
They were married in Clay County, and settled in that
county, which they later left, going to Texas. After four
years spent in the latter state they returned to West Vir-
ginia and located in Braxton County, where both rounded
out their useful lives, having been farming people. They
were consistent members of the Missionary Baptist Church.
In his political convictions he was a democrat. Of their
seven children four are still living, namely: Virginia,
who is the wife of J. W. Jackson; Glarvina, who is the
wife of John Q. Harris, of Canfield, West Virginia; Rob-
ert L., who is a resident of Centralia; and Newton Van,
whose name heads this review.

Reared on his father’s farm, Newton Van Wilson first
attended the common schools, later a high school, from
which he was graduated, and he then matriculated in the
law department of the University of West Virginia, and
was graduated therefrom with the degree of Bachelor of
Laws. He was admitted to the bar of his native state
in 1897, and then settled permanently at Gassaway, where
he has built up a large and very important practice. At
one time he was justice of the peace, he has served on
the Board of Education, and is now city attorney. Having
faith in Gassaway, he has shown an interest in local con-
cerns, and is a stockholder of the Farmers and Mechanics
Bank of Gassaway.

Mr. Wilson married first Bettie A. Duffield, who died,
leaving four children, namely: Mertie C., Leonore, Goldie
and Garland. In 1920 Mr. Wilson married Miss Ettie Cor-
ley. There are no children of this marriage. Mrs. Wil-
son belongs to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
Fraternally Mr. Wilson belongs to Gassaway Lodge, I. O.
O. F., of which he is a past grand, the Grand Lodge aud
Encampment of that order, and is a past chief potentate
of the Encampment; and he is also a member of Frame-
town Lodge No. 196, K. of P., of which he is a past chan-
cellor; and of Gassaway Lodge No. 1558, L. O O. M. In
politics he is a republican, and has been elected to the
several offices on his party ticket. Skilled as an attorney,
capable as a man, and public-spirited as a citizen, Newton
Van Wilson is representative of the best element of his
profession and state, and reflects dignity and honor upon
everything with which he is connected.

Alpheus W. Pritchard

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
July 9, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 420

ALPHEUS W. PRITCHARD was born while James Monroe
was president of the United States, and his life was pro-
longed in good works until the beginning of the twentieth
century. The West Virginia community that should hold
his memory in special honor is Clarksburg, which he saw
grow from a village to a city, and in that growth he
shared as a constructive business man.

He was born at Morgantown, West Virginia, July 4,
1819, son of George and Elizabeth (Betts) Pritchard. His
parents were reared in Maryland, and Edward Pritchard,
founder of the American family, was a native of Devon-
shire, England. Alpheus W. Pritchard grew up before free
schools were instituted, and his education was acquired by
private instruction in some of the subscription schools which
then furnished educational advantages. He became an ap-
prentice blacksmith, a trade he thoroughly learned and in
which he was a skillful worker for a number of years,
inventing and making many useful articles.

As a young man he moved to Clarksburg, and his work
for several years was that of a blacksmith in this town.
Subsequently he enlarged his business enterprise to mer-
chandising, and eventually concentrated his energies almost
entirely in the field of real estate. He had in a remarkable
degree the faculty of foresight which enabled him to antic-
ipate future developments and at the same time influencing
developments. He acquired some holdings that became very
valuable. One of the most interesting of these properties
is situated on what was known in the early days as The
Point, and later Point Comfort. Here he owned many acres
of land and built his house on one of the most attractive
residence sites. He lived here for many years, and enjoyed
the situation the more because it affords a daily panorama,
from which he could estimate and observe the progressive
changes by which a small village had been converted into
a thriving city by the hand and industry of man. On the
site of his old home now stands the magnificent Thorne home,
one of the most attractive in the city. The house is English
architecture and was planned and designed by his daugh-
ter, Mrs. Joseph W. Thorne, whose husband is a native of
Harrison County.

Highly successful in business, the late Mr. Pritchard
was known by all his friends and associates as a man of
the highest integrity of character. His business brought
him in touch with the public, and gave him something of
a public character. He never took advantage of a man,
never foreclosed a mortgage, and he succeeded not by mak-
ing the misfortunes of others help him, but through his
constructive foresight and working always for the best
interests of his clients and the public at large.

June 27, 1843, Mr. Pritchard married Miss Mary Wolfe,
who was born in Harrison County, November 25, 1824. Her
birthplace was the farm which included the portion of land
now occupied by the Clarksburg Country Club. Her father,
David Wolfe; served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war.
To Mr. and Mrs. Pritchard were born nine children, the
youngest of whom is Mrs. Metta Victoria Thorne of Clarks-
burg. Mr. and Mrs. Pritchard were very actively identified
with the work of the Baptist Church.

Alpheus W. Pritchard died November 3, 1901, at the age
of eighty-two. His widow survived him and passed away
December 28, 1910, aged eighty-six.

Roy Earl Parrish

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770


pg. 728

PARRISH, ROY EARL. (Republican.) Born Novem-
ber 24, 1868, at Wallace, Harrison county; educated in pub-
lic schools and West Virginia Wesleyan College and West
Virginia University; attorney by profession; studied law. at
the University; member House of Delegates 1913; chairman
Republican Executive Committee Harrison county; elected
to the Senate in 1914 from the Twelfth District ;jcommittee
assignments 1917: Insurance (Chairman); Judiciary, Educa-
tion, Railroads, Militia, Public Library, Passed Bills, Virginia
Debt. Absent with leave from extra session of 1917, having.
entered the officers’ military training camp at Fort Benja-
min Harrison, Indiana; is now Second Lieutenant U. S.
Reserves, stationed at Chillicothe, Ohio.

Submitted by: Valerie Crook

James Hood Hornor

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
September 26, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 276-277
Harrison County

JAMES HOOD HORNOR is a veteran of the Spanish-Amer-
ican war, and prior to that and since has been an unusually
active and enterprising factor in the business life of Har-
rison County. His home is at Lumberport, and nearly
all the years of his life have been passed at or near that

He is a son of James D. and Elizabeth Florence (Hood)
Hornor. A brief record of his father’s career appears on
other pages. James H. Hornor was bora at Lumberport
May 13, 1872. As a boy there he attended public schools
and later finished his education at the Northwest Academy
at Clarksburg. His early experiences after leaving school
were as a merchant at Lumberport and then at Clarks-
burg. He had the rather unusual experience of serving
as assistant postmaster both at Clarksburg and at Fairmont.

Later he returned to Lumberport and was in the flouring
mill business. He left his post in that industry at the be-
ginning of the Spanish-American war in 1898 to volunteer
his services. He became second lieutenant in Company
E, of the First West Virginia Volunteer Infantry, and was
with his regiment in camp duty until the close of hostilities.
He then resumed his connections with the flouring mill
business at Shinnston, and a few years later sold out and
organized the Hornor Hardware Company at Lumberport.
This was a business continued under his personal direction
for five years. He sold Out in 1910, and since then has
had charge of the Lumberport Gas Company, of which he
is treasurer and manager. Mr. Hornor is also a stock-
holder and director in several other business corporations.

In 1905 he married Miss Minnie K. Lowe, daughter of
Benjamin F. and Sarah M. (Higinbotham) Lowe, of Shinn-
ston. Mr. Hornor is a democrat, and is a Royal Arch
and thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner.

Roy Earl Parrish

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie Crook
September 19, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 251-252
Harrison County

ROY EARL PARRISH. Of the Gold Stars set in West Vir-
ginia’s honor roll of soldier dead in the great war, one
represents Roy Earl Parrish, a son of Thomas Jefferson
Parrish, the Clarksburg business man and banker. He
left a secure place in his profession and the honors of
politics and public office to become a soldier, and in that
new and strange role, until his death, he expressed, as
the tributes of his superiors and comrades testified, some
of the most noteworthy characteristics of the American

A son of Thomas J. and Mary (Morgan) Parrish, he was
bora at Wallace, Harrison County, November 27, 1888.
He was educated in the public schools, graduated from
West Virginia Wesleyan College, studied law in West Vir-
ginia University, was admitted to the bar at Clarksburg
in 1910, and was engaged in practice until he went into
the army. In 1912 he was elected to the House of Dele-
gates, serving through the session of 1913, and in 1914
was elected to the State Senate by a large majority from
the Twelfth Senatorial District. He was vice-chairman of
the Republican State Committee for the first Congressional
District, and was chairman of the Republican County Ex-
ecutive Committee of Harrison County. He was a member
of the Sigma Chi fraternity and the Clarksburg University

So much for the dire statistics of his life. For the
significance of his character and the service he rendered
as a civilian and as a soldier a deft record is found in the
proceedings of the State Senate for January 21, 1919, a
day set apart by formal motion for memorial services in
honor of Lieutenant Parrish. From the proceedings of
that day it is possible here to quote a portion of only
one address, that delivered by his successor in the Senate
from the Twelfth District, Harvey W. Harmer, a life-long
friend of Lieutenant Parrish. Senator Harmer, after re-
viewing his boyhood, his continued interest in his church,
the First Methodist Episcopal of Clarksburg, his gradua-
tion in 1908 from the Wesleyan College at Buckhannon,
the graduation from the University Law School in 1910,
his active practice as a member of the Clarksburg bar and
the unusual influence he exercised as one of the youngest
members of the House of Delegates and the State Senate,
took up his patriotic record, and what he said on that
point may properly stand as the permanent tribute to this
brave young West Virginia officer. The concluding para-
graphs of Senator Harmer’s address are as follows:

“Largely because of the conditions growing out of our
entering into the great World war, the Governor of our
State called the members of the legislature to assemble
here in a second extraordinary session on the fourteenth
of May, 1917. Instead of heeding this call of the Gov-
ernor, instead of seeking the pleasure of your association
in legislative work, ROY PARRISH chose to volunteer as
a soldier in the American Army, and on the day you as-
sembled here, he entered Fort Benjamin Harrison, at In-
dianapolis, Indiana, in the training school for officers. In
that school he remained until August 15th, when he was
commissioned Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery.

“After a few days at home he reported to Camp Sher-
man, Chillicothe, Ohio, on September first, and eight days
later he was transferred to Camp Sheridan, Montgomery,
Alabama. Shortly after his arrival at Camp Sheridan, his
ability as a soldier and lawyer was recognized and he was
made Assistant Judge Advocate, a position he filled until
November 15. On November 20, 1917, he was detailed as
Judge Advocate and served in that capacity until ordered
to prepare for duty overseas. He left Camp Sheridan
December 15th, with orders to report in New York City
on January 2d, 1918. In the few intervening days he
visited his friends and family at home, leaving for the last
time on January 1st, 1918, for New York. On the 14th
of ^January, he sailed for overseas, and after three weeks,
which must have been stormy, he arrived at Liverpool,
England, February 5th, and in a few days sailed for
Prance. After arriving in France, he entered an artillery
school established by Napoleon Bonaparte for special
training, and after three months he was ordered to the
front with the Sixth Field Artillery, First Division.

“He was in the big drive at Chateau-Thierry, that
spelled success for the Allies and defeat and disaster for
the German army.

“On the 6th day of July, DeLano Andrews, Second
Lieutenant, Field Artillery, Acting Adjutant, United
States Army, wrote his commanding officer: ‘The Brigade
Commander directs me to communicate to you his com-
mendations of the services of Lieutenant ROY E. PAR-
RISH, 6th F. A. as Liaison Officer with the Infantry. His
reports have been clear, intelligent and full of valuable
information. They are models of Liaison work and re-
flect great credit upon Lieutenant Parrish’s energy, power
of observation and devotion to duty.’

“Later, G. McDowell, First Lieutenant, Field Artillery,
United States Army, Acting Adjutant, wrote: ‘Lieutenant
PARRISH was sent forward on July 18th on Liaison work
with the Infantry in the attack on that date. Nothing
more was heard of him, and after the attack, when the
regiment reassembled, he was missing. About two weeks
later a report was secured by me from the captain of the
Infantry who had talked with him for a few moments as
they were going forward, and a second later this officer
saw Lieutenant PARRISH killed by a shell.’

” ‘ We have buried our dead on a thousand hills
And thousands unburied lie,
In battered village and shattered wood,
Agape at the drenching sky,
Where they poured their blood in the trampled mud
As a witness to God on high—
As the last full price of sacrifice
For that which shall never die.’

“Our own Major John Bond, who has just returned
from overseas, met Lieutenant PARRISH shortly before
he was killed in action, and where the German shells were
falling all around. Major Bond says: ‘ROY PARRISH
was one of the most fearless men I ever knew. He was a
second Roosevelt—never satisfied unless he was in the
thickest of the fight.’

“The father of ROY PARRISH sits here at my left.
Of his five sons, four followed the flag in this awful war
—two crossed the seas and two were on the seas. One
that crossed never returned. The other that crossed sits
here today.

” ‘And some shall come home through a sea of flags
When the cannon their thunder cease;
And some shall lie alone with the sky
In the Valley of Long Release;
And what shall it matter—if freedom stand
On the Rock of Eternal Peace.’

“The heart of this father and these brothers and a
sister are sad. Your words today, I am sure, are a com-
fort and a consolation to them. Brother Senators, know-
ing this father and these brothers and sister as I do, I
know that the greatest comfort and consolation and the
greatest hope that fills their hearts today is the fact that
ROY has been faithful not only to his country and his
flag—for he had never wavered there—but that he had
also been faithful to his God, and his soul has a resting
place we all hope shall be ours.”

Since the return of the troops from France Mr. Par-
rish has been tireless in his efforts to establish the identity
of his son. And we quote herewith from correspondence
which Mr. Parrish received from the War Department.

(A) Proximity of the place of death of Lieutenant
Parrish and place of original burial of the body, which
has been identified as being that of the deceased. Lieut.
J. Hamilton, 6th Field Artillery, reports: Lieut. Boy E.
Parrish, 6th F. A. was killed July, 1918, and buried in a
large shell hole marked with a wooden cross, and tag was
attached for identification. This shell hole was in a big
open field north of Missy-en-Bois, between there and the
railroad from Soissons to Chateau-Thierry, near the town
of Brezy-le-Sec.

(B) The only means of identification found was a can-
teen cup with the name “Lieut. Faris” inscribed thereon,
and in view of the similarity of names, and the fact that
the name on the canteen cup may have been corroded to
such an extent that in all probability it had been “Par-
rish,” this office arrived at the conclusion that the body
contained in grave 178, Section E, Plot 4, American Ceme-
tery, Ploisy, Aisne, is that of Lieutenant Parrish.

The remains of Lieutenant Parrish will be interred with
full military honors in an American National Cemetery in

“Best Ye in peace, ye Flanders dead,
The fight ye so bravely led
We’ve taken up, and we will keep
True faith with you who lie asleep
With each a cross to mark his bed.

And poppies blooming overhead,
Where once his own life blood ran red,
So let your rest be sweet and deep
In Flanders’ field.

Fear not that ye had died for naught,
The torch ye threw to us we caught,
Ten million hands will hold it high,
And freedom’s light shall never die!
We’ve learned the lesson that ye taught,
In Flanders field.”