Category Archives: Hampshire

Garnett Kerr Kump

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770


pg. 726

KUMP, GARNETT KERR. (Democrat.) Address:
Romney, West Va. Born December 9, 1875; educated in
the common schools and at West Virginia University; a
lawyer by profession, receiving his legal education at the
University; was a member of the House of Delegates in
1905; elected to the Senate in 1912, from the Fifteenth Dis-
trict; re-elected in 1916; is a hold-over Senator; has been
the patron of important measures looking to the improve-
ment of the school? and roads of the State; committee as-
signments, 1917: Judiciary, Public Buildings and Humane
Institutions, Railroads, Federal Relations, Immigration and
Agriculture, Medicine and Sanitation, Forfeited and Unappro-
priated Lands, Prohibition and Temperance, Public Printing _

Submitted by: Valerie Crook

John J. Cornwell

Submitted by
Valerie Crook
September 16, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 234-235
Hampshire County

HON. JOHN J. CORNWELL. Probably the great majority
of the people of West Virginia, regardless of party, would
fully endorse the words of the democratic state platform
of 1920 when it speaks of “the administration of our great
war governor as one of the most dignified, able and cour-
ageous in the history of the state. He has lifted the
governorship to a high plane, which is gratifying to the
people of the state.”

John J. Cornwell has for many years had the esteem
and confidence of his home people in Romney and Hamp-
shire County. He was born in Ritchie County, July 11,
1867, of Jacob H. and Mary E. (Taylor) Cornwell.

The future governor was educated in Shepherd College at
Shepherdstown, and soon after leaving that institution he
began a career as a publisher and editor, and has been
principal owner of the Hampshire Review since 1890. He
was active in its management as editor until 1917, when
he removed to Charleston. Mr. Cornwell has long been
a leader in the democratic party of the state, and was a
delegate to the national conventions of 1896 and 1912 and
gave a service for ten years, from 1896 to 1906, as a mem-
ber of the West Virginia Senate. He was democratic
nominee for governor in 1904, and in 1916 he had the
remarkable distinction of being the only democratic nominee
on the state ticket to be elected. He began his term aa
governor in 1917, and served until 1921, when he resumed
his home and the management of his business interests at

Mr. Cornwell financed and built the Hampshire Southern
Railroad, a line forty miles long, has been president of
the Bank of Romney, of the South Branch Development
Company, the South Branch Tie & Lumber Company, is
now a director in the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Com-
pany, and has held the office of secretary and treasurer of
the Appalachian Orchard Company. He has been one of
the prominent editors of the state, has made a reputation
as a forceful writer, and aside from his routine contribu-
tions to the press is author of a book entitled “Knock
About Notes,” published in 1915. He is a Mason and Odd

June 30, 1891, Mr. Cornwell married Edna Brady, of


John C. Linthicum

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Tina Hursh
September 29, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.
Chicago and New York, Volume 111
Pg. 369 & 370

John C. Linthicum, now serving his third term as mayor of Romney, has been a
resident of that city for over twenty years, for a long time was in the service
of the state government at the Institution for the Deaf and Blind, and his
active career throughout has been strongly tinged with the public service.

He was born at Moorefield, West Virginia, September 17, 1869. His grandfather,
Joel Linthicum, was a shoe maker of Hampshire County, and died in Romney about
1878. He married a Miss Davis, and their children were: William, who died I
Illinois; Elijah, who spent his active life at Decatur, Illinois; James, a
retired shoemaker living near Richmond, Virginia; Joseph M.; Benjamin, who died
at Romney; Mollie, who married Frank Maloney and died in Hampshire County;
Margaret, wife of Joseph M. Poling and a resident of Romney.

Joseph M. Linthicum, father of Romney’s mayor, was born in Hampshire County,
September 10, 1843. As a youth he learned the trade of shoemaker and leather
tanning, and worked at one or the other of these occupations throughout his
active life. He is now living retired at Keyser. During the war between the
states he was member of a Virginia regiment in the Confederate Army, and took
part in several of the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia. He was
never wounded or captured, and served throughout as a private. Joseph M.
Linthicum married Elizabeth Hyder, daughter of Thompson Hyder.

John C. Linthicum spent his early life at Moorefield, attended the Moorefield
Academy, and at the age of sixteen left school and learned the trade of harness
maker with his father. As a journeyman he followed this trade both in and out
of his home state, and in 1901 came to Romney and took charge of the shoe and
harness department of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind. That
was his work for fifteen years, and for eight years of the time he was also
chief enjineer of the schools. Since leaving the state service in 1916 Mr.
Linthicum has conducted an insurance and coal business at Romney.

In 1921 he was put in charge as foreman of construction for the girls’
dormitory of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind, and in that
capacity he supervised the construction of the new building, beginning in
March, 1921, until it was completed on July 1, 1922, at a cost of $110,000, the
contract being carried through several thousand dollars under the appropriation
made for the work.

Mr. Linthicum was for several terms a member of the City Council and was
chairman of the water committee. He had the responsible directions of the work
of constructing the water system of Romney, completed in 1912. He served seven
years as city treasurer, and was elected to the office of mayor in 1920, 1921,
and 1922, succeeding Joseph A. Kelley in that office.

Mr. Linthicum is an active republican, casting his first vote for Benjamin
Harrison in 1892. His first elective office was as recorder of Romney, to
which he was chosen in 1908. Since 1916 he has been a member of the Grand
Lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and is grand guide of the Grand

At Westernport, Maryland, October 30, 1892, John Carson Linthicum married Miss
Kate M. Bowen, who was born at Springfield, West Virginia, and represents two
old and well-known families of Hampshire County. She is a daughter of Dr. C.G.
and Mary C. (Parsons) Bowen, her mother being a daughter of David Parsons.
Mrs. Linthicum was the third in a family of seven children, was born May 9,
1865, and her brothers and sisters were: John, Mary, Anna, Charles, William and
Susan. Mary is Mrs. Joseph Greenfield, of Cumberland, Maryland; Anna is
unmarried; and Susan is the wife of P.T. Lacey of Cumberland, Maryland. To the
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum were born two children, on dying in infancy. The daughter, Mary Elizabeth, was educated in the Potomac Academy, which was recently remodeled as part of the school for the blind, and she is now employed in the Romney Post Office.

Thomas E. Pownall

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
April 12, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 400-401

THOMAS E. POWNALL, who for nine years was postmaster
of Romney, is one of the active business men of the county
seat of Hampshire County, and is a member of one of the
older families of this section.

He was born at Rio in Hampshire County, April 10, 1875.
His parents were Frank and Virginia (Baker) Pownall,
his mother being a daughter of James Baker. Frank Pown-
all was born at Three Churches in Hampshire County in
1839, and as a boy on the farm had little opportunity to
attend school beyond two terms in the country district. At
the beginning of the Civil war he joined the Confederate
Army, with the regiment attached to Gen, Stonewall Jack-
son’s command, and saw some of the very heavy fighting
before he was taken prisoner. For about a year he was
confined at Camp Chase, Ohio. When the war was over
and when he was released he returned to -the farm, and that
remained his business the rest of his life. He died in 1906.
He was an active democrat and a member of local conven-
tions, but his only elective office was in his school district.
He was a Presbyterian. He survived his wife eleven years,
and their children were: Bettie E., the wife of Stewart
Zeiler, of Romney; Rebacca, wife of Charles Howard, liv-
ing near Martinsburg; and Thomas Edwin.

Thomas Edwin Pownall spent the first twenty-one years
of his life on the old farm, attended country schools, the
Normal School at Basic City, Virginia, and at Fairmont,
West Virginia, and for six years he taught school during
the winter months in Hampshire County. Mr. Pownall is
a lawyer by profession, having graduated from the law
school of the West Virginia University in 1900. He carried
on an active law practice at Eomney for five years, until he
was appointed postmaster, under the administration of
President Roosevelt. He was reappointed by President
Taft, and finally, after nine years, retired early in the ad-
ministration of President Wilson. During this period the
business of the Romney Post Office more than doubled.
When he left the office there were five routes radiating from
Romney, one to Moorefield, one to Glebe, one to Higgins-
ville, one to Capon Bridge and one to Rio, so that Eomney
has been an important distributing center for mail. When
he entered the post office all this mail from the outside of-
fices was brought in by horseback, but the method of trans-
portation now is entirely by auto. Since his administration
of the post office Mr. Pownall has been engaged in the re-
tail meat business at Romney. He has been active in other
business interests, and was one of the original stockholders
and is a director of the First National Bank.

Mr. Pownall did not follow his father’s example in the
choice of a political party, and has been a republican since
casting his first vote for Major McKinley for president.
He has attended local and congressional conventions, and
helped nominate George Sturgiss for Congress. He has
been chairman and is the present secretary of the Hampshire
County Republican Committee. Fraternally he is a past
noble grand of Eomney Lodge of Odd Fellows, and a past
district deputy grand, and Mrs. Pownall and their oldest
daughter are active members of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South.

At Romney, June 29, 1904, Mr. Pownall married Miss
Grace Virginia Parker, daughter of William C. and Fannie
(Mytinger) Parker. Her father, a native son of Hamp-
shire County, was successively a railroad man, in the livery
business and finally a farmer. Mrs. Pownall was born at
Romney, January 14, 1881, was educated in the local pub-
lic schools and for six years taught school in Eomney. She
is one of a family of four daughters and one son, the others
being Mrs. Belle Griffin, Mrs. Maude Frye Miss Frances
and William Earl. Her brother is an ex-service man, went
overseas with the Sixth Division and was in the fighting in
the Argonne Forest. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Pow-
nall are: Virginia Hopkins, a student in the Romney High
School, Marion Parker, Thomas E., Jr., and William “Fran-
cis Bill” Frank.

William A. Shannon

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
September 23, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 261-262
Hampshire County

WILLIAM A. SHANNON for a long period of years, in fact
since early manhood, has been in the service of the Balti-
more & Ohio Railway Company. For over ten years he
has been the railway station agent at Springfield in Hamp-
shire County.

His name introduces one of the oldest of the pioneer
families of this section of West Virginia. The founder of
the name was his great-great-grandfather, who came from
Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, and settled about a mile below
the old farm at Springfield. William A. Shannon as a boy
could see the ruins of his old pioneer home. He was a
blacksmith, and a number of his descendants followed the
same trade. His pioneer ancestor was buried in the old
graveyard at Springfield in 1792, his grave being marked
by a common stone slab. The next ancestor was his son,
Thomas Shannon, who likewise was a blacksmith and de-
voted his active life to his trade in his shop on the Spring-
field townsite. He was laid to rest in the same graveyard
as his father. Thomas Shannon married a Miss Walker,
and among their children were: James, who settled at West
Union, West Virginia; Andrew; and Mrs. William Donald-
son, wife of a large slave holder and wealthy farmer be-
tween Springfield and Green Spring in Hampshire County.

Andrew Shannon, grandfather of the railway station
agent, was born at Springfield, and died there in 1850, at
the age of fifty-two. He also followed his father’s trade,
and was the village blacksmith of his generation. He was
never in public service of any kind. He married Mary
Cross as his first wife. She came from Wood County. They
had four sons, Benjamin, who was a Springfield black-
smith and a magistrate when he died; Thomas, the only
soldier representative of the family who volunteered for
the Mexican war, and removed to Ohio and died at Nelson-
ville in that state; Robert, who also went to Ohio and prac-
ticed medicine at Circleville; and James.

James Shannon was born August 5, 1824, and was only
a few weeks old when his mother died. He had only a sub-
scription school education, but his inquiring mind led him
to investigate and acquire a knowledge of many subjects
outside his Immediate experience. He became a black-
smith, and for many years worked as a partner with his
brother Benjamin at Springfield. He was a member of the
school board, a Presbyterian, a loyal and faithful Christian
in all his years, was a Southern man in sympathy and a
democrat in politics. He died in 1908. His wife was Eliza-
beth Somerville, who was born in October, 1821, and died
New Year’s morning of 1900. She was the daughter of
William and Elizabeth (Phillips) Somerville, who came to
Hampshire County from Frederick County, Virginia, and
settled at Romney, where the daughter Elizabeth was born.
William Somerville was a saddler and harness maker, and
died in 1865, at the age of eighty-three. The children of
James Shannon and wife were: Charles, who followed his
father’s trade for a short time and later became a merchant
at Springfield, where he died; Miss Mary, of Springfield;
Emma, wife of Charles Towers, of Baltimore; Sallie, who
died at the age of sixteen; William Andrew; and Hannah,
Mrs. Elwood Parsons, of Springfield.

William A. Shannon was born August 25, 1861, and was
reared and educated at Springfield. At the age of twenty-
one he entered the service of the Baltimore & Ohio Railway
Company as a track man, was promoted to section fore-
man, then to supervisor, and in October, 1911, took over
the duties of station agent at Springfield as successor of
J. D. Pownall. He has given over forty years to the serv-
ice of the railway company, has performed his duties with
a high degree of fidelity and efficiency, and has also per-
formed a good part as a public spirited citizen of his home

For twenty-eight years Mr. Shannon has been a member
of the Springfield School Board, and is its president. He
is a democrat, is an elder in the Presbyterian Church of
Springfield, a former superintendent of the Sunday school
and is now assistant superintendent.

At Springfield, November 27, 1884, Mr. Shannon married
Miss Fannie C. Parsons, daughter of William C. and Louise
(Jarboe) Parsons, her mother a daughter of Washington
Jarboe. Her father was born near Springfield and her
mother at Piedmont, West Virginia. William Parsons was
a Confederate soldier. Mrs. Shannon was born September
16, 1864, seventh in a family of thirteen children, eleven of
whom grew up and nine are still surviving, namely: Elwood,
of Springfield; Mrs. Nannie Parker, of Lincoln, Nebraska;
Mrs. Shannon; Mrs. Sallie Hughes, of Moundsville, West
Virginia; William, of Cumberland, Maryland; Miss Louise,
of Springfield; John, of Piedmont; James and Charles,
both of Springfield.

Mr. and Mrs. Shannon have one son, Augustus, born De-
cember 25, 1885. He was educated in the public schools, is
a traveling salesman, and during the World war served as
a member of the Hampshire County Draft Board.

William Warfield Carder

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770


pg. 732

Members of the House of Delegates.

Address: Green Spring, West Va. Born in Oldtown, Al-
leghany county, Maryland, February 26, 1863; parents
moved to Green Spring about 1877 where he was educated
in public schools and under private tutors; occupation, far-
mer, merchant and all-’round business man; a stockholder
in the Second National Bank of Cumberland and stock-
holder and director in the Cumberland Milling Company
and the Cumberland Dry Goods and Notion Company;
elected to the House from Hampshire county 1916; com-
mittee assignments in the sessions of 1917: Claims and
Grievances, Humane Institutions and Public Buildings,
Immigration and Agriculture, Labor, Game and Fish.

Submitted by: Valerie Crook

Joshua S. Zimmerman

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie Crook
July 23, 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 524-525

JOSHUA S. ZIMMERMAN has been a prominent member of
the bar at Romney for over a quarter of a century. His
practice has involved a great deal of business organization
work, and he has been interested personally and as an at-
torney in the commercial orchard development in this sec-
tion of the state.

Mr. Zimmerman was born near LaPlata, at his mother’s
old home in Charles County, Maryland, January 16, 1874.
The Zimmerman family lived near Baltimore, and their
estate in that vicinity was the scene of activity of five
generations of the family. Rev. George H. Zimmerman,
the father of the subject of this sketch, was born in
Baltimore County, on the ancestral estate, about three
miles from the City of Baltimore, in 1838. He was a
graduate of Dickinson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania,
and entered the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South. During the Civil war he was
chaplain in one of the Virginia regiments in General Ros-
ser’s command in the Army of Northern Virginia. After
the war he resumed his church work as pastor, and was
also presiding elder of Moorefield, Roanoke and Baltimore
districts. While in charge of the Baltimore District
he died in 1898. Rev. Mr. Zimmerman married Henrietta
A. Rowe, of Glymont, Charles County, Maryland, daughter
of William H. and Ann (Cox) Rowe. She died in 1888,
at the age of forty-six. There were three sons: Joshua
S., of Romney; Edgar R., of Ruxton, Maryland, member
of the firm T. T. Tongue and Company, Baltimore agents
of the Baltimore Casualty Company; and George H., min-
ing engineer of Whitesburg, Kentucky.

As a minister’s son Joshua S. Zimmerman lived in a
number of towns in Virginia, Maryland and West Virginia.
However, most of his youth was spent in Woodstock and
Salem, Virginia, and he was a student in Roanoke College
at Salem in 1885-86, and in 1888 entered Randolph-Macon
College, where he graduated A. B. in 1892. For a time
he was a tutor on a Mississippi plantation at Shelby, and
in 1893 became a clerk in the Census Department of the
Government at Washington, during the second Cleveland
administration. He was a clerk there three years, and in
the meantime studied law, attending the night law school of
Columbia, now the George Washington University, graduat-
ing LL.B. in 1896.

Qualified by education and experience for his profession,
Mr. Zimmerman located at Romney, opening his office in
July, 1896. His first case before the Circuit Court was
West Virginia vs Smith, charged with “breaking and en-
tering with intent to commit larceny,” which case he lost.

Since then he has had a general practice in Hampshire
and adjoining counties and in both the Federal and State
Courts. Seven years after he began practice he was ap-
pointed prosecuting attorney to fill the unexpired term of
W. B. Cornwell, resigned, and was twice thereafter regu-
larly elected to the office, serving altogther nine years and
three months.

Mr. Zimmerman is a member of the dominant political
party of Hampshire County, has been a leader in the party,
served as chairman of the county committee, member of the
Second District Congressional Committee, and has attended
judicial, senatorial and state conventions. He was elected to
the House of Delegates in November, 1920, and was made
floor leader of his party. Governor Comwell appointed him a
member of the road commission to draft a new West Vir-
ginia State Road Law in connection with the fifty million
dollar bond issue authorized at the 1920 election, as an
amendment to the State Constitution. Mr. Zimmerman also
supported the strict prohibition enforcement legislation
introduced and passed while he was in the House.

Concerning his connection with the commercial orchard
industry in this locality, he promoted several companies, is
an officer in them and legal adviser, and is individual owner
of 150 acres of apple orchard. He is attorney for
the Capon Valley Bank at Wardensville, and handled
the legal matters in connection with the incorpora-
tion of this bank. During the World war Mr. Zimmerman
was a member of the Legal Advisory Board of the county
and was attorney for the County Food Administration. He
personally registered under the last draft.

On October 10, 1900, near Eomney, Mr. Zimmerman
married Miss Kitty Campbell Vance, daughter of John T.
and Mary Elizabeth (Inskeep) Vance. The Inskeep and
Vance families were pioneers in the South Branch Valley
and have been associated by marriage with the Heiskells,
Gilkesons and other well-known families of this region.
Mrs. Zimmerman was born on the old Vance estate near
Romney, second among four children. Her brother William
A., lives at Clarksburg, her second brother, Henry Machir,
is a farmer near Romney, and Frank Vance died in early
manhood. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Zimmerman are
Mary Elizabeth, a student in the Mary Baldwin Seminary
at Staunton, Virginia; George Henry, Vance and Kitty
Campbell at home.

Mr. Zimmerman is a member of the West Virginia Bar
Association, is affiliated with the college fraternities, Phi
Delta Theta and Phi Delta Phi, and is an active layman in
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, being steward of
the Romney congregation and for a score of years has been
superintendent of its Sunday school. He represented the
church in district and annual conferences. Mrs. Zimmerman
and several of the children are Presbyterians.

Garnett Kerr Kump

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 26, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 316-317

HON. GARNETT KERR KUMP, of Romney, lawyer and for
eight years a member of the State Senate, has been a
leader in educational and good roads legislation, and one
of the very useful and progressive citizens of his section
of the state.

He was born near Capon Springs, Hampshire County,
West Virginia, December 9, 1875, son of Benjamin Frank-
lin and Margaret Frances (Rudolph) Kump and a lineal
descendant of Henry Kump, a soldier of the Revolution.
His father was a confederate soldier in Company K of the
Eighteenth Virginia Cavalry, and after the war lived on
his farm in Hampshire County, where he was a leader in
civic and religious affairs.

Garnett Kerr Kump acquired a good literary education
and for a number of years applied himself to the vocation
of farming in summer and teaching in public schools dur-
ing the winter. He prepared for the bar in West Virginia
University, leaving the university about April 1, 1909, and
since then has enjoyed an exceptionally good practice at
Romney. Besides his law practice he has some business
interests and investments, and is president of the South
Branch Tie & Lumber Company.

His public service began early in his career, and he repre-
sented Hampshire County in the House of Delegates in
the session of 1905. His eight year term in the Senate ran
from December 1, 1912, to December 1, 1920, and he was
not a candidate for re-election. He represented the Fif-
teenth Senatorial District and in the Legislature as well as
in his capacity as a private citizen he has been thoroughly
progressive in thought and action. He is a democrat, and
has been keenly interested in the great national and inter-
national problems of the last few years. Mr. Kump is
convinced that he would have made an effective soldier of
the nation during the World war, but the examining author-
ities rejected his application for the Officers’ Training
Camp and also on several other occasions when be endeav-
ored to enlist.

Mr. Kump is affiliated with the Masonic Order, Inde-
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and Woodmen of the World.
Since 1911 he has been a member of the Romney Literary
Society, one of the oldest organizations of the kind in the
state, it having been incorporated by the State of Virginia
by special act of Legislature in 1819. He is an elder in
the Presbyterian Church of Romney.