Category Archives: Braxton

John L. Rhea

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 8, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 288-289

JOHN L. RHEA, JR. The life of John L. Rhea has been
passed at Flatwoods, where he was born, and for over
twenty-one years he has been one of its most enterprising
and successful merchants. His interests are all centered
here, and he is proud of the place and his connection with
it. His birth occurred January 7, 1875, and he is a son of
Dr. John L. and Sallie B. (McLaughlin) Rhea. The latter
was a daughter of Col. Addison McLaughlin, now deceased,
who represented Braxton and Nicholas counties in the West
Virginia State Assembly when the capital of the Con-
federacy was at Richmond. For many years he was a
prominent attorney. Dr. John L. Rhea was reared at West-
minster, Maryland, was educated in the Baltimore School
of Medicine, and after his graduation he engaged in the
practice of his profession at Flatwoods. He was also a
member and local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South. His death occurred in 1883. Two of his
five sons survive, namely: his namesake son and Stephen A.,
John L. Rhea, Jr., attended the common schools of Flat-
woods, and from his youth has been a good business man.
In addition to his large store he owns a farm adjacent to
Flatwoods and a large amount of stock in an oil and gas
well. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Frater-
nally he belongs to Sutton Lodge No. 21, A. F. and A. M.;
Sutton Chapter No. 29, B. A. M.; Sutton Commandery No.
16, K. T., and has been advanced in the Scottish Rite at
Wheeling, West Virginia, and he also belongs to Osiris
Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Wheeling. For a number of
years he has been one of the leaders of the local democratic
party, was elected several times on his party ticket as
mayor of Flatwoods, in 1913 represented Braxton County
in the State Assembly, and while in the Legislature par-
ticipated in the securing of some very constructive legisla-

In 1902 Mr. Rhea married Rebecca E. Floyd, who was
born in Doddridge County, West Virginia, but was brought
to Flatwoods in her girlhood, and here attended the common
schools. Mr. and Mrs. Rhea have three children, namely:
Sallie A., who is the wife of H. C. Hiveley; and Clara E.
and Howard W., both of whom are in school.

A. P. Armstrong

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 8, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 291-292

A. P. ARMSTRONG. Without force of character no man
can achieve to any eminence no matter what path he chooses
in life. His aims may be high, his principles excellent and
his ideas brilliant, but unless he possesses vim, energy and
strength to make practical his plans his efforts will be
vain. The county seat of Sutton has given Braxton County
some of its most forcible men, and from them have been
chosen the individuals who have acted capably in official
capacities. Among these may be mentioned A. P. Arm-
strong, justice of the peace at Sutton and a member of an
old and honored West Virginia family. Mr. Armstrong, who
is still a young man for so responsible a position, has
possessed the force of character necessary to bring him
advancement, and his career promises to be a highly suc-
cessful one.

A. P. Armstrong is a native son of Braxton County, hav-
ing been born at Sutton, February 23, 1889, a son of C. and
Elizabeth J. (Troxell) Armstrong. His father, a native
of Glendon, West Virginia, was married there and as a
young man was engaged in farming. Later, on coming to
Sutton, he applied himself to the trade of blacksmith, a
vocation which he had learned in his youth. He also served
for some years as jail keeper and in other capacities, and
was accounted a capable and reliable official. In politics he
was a democrat. He died in 1910, in the faith of the Bap-
tist Church, of which Mrs. Armstrong, who survives him as
a resident of Sutton, is also a member. They were the par-
ents of six children: W. L., a graduate of the law depart-
ment of the University of West Virginia and now engaged
in the practice of his profession at Sutton; Gideon, also a
graduate of the State University, who is following a
business career at Sutton; Mary, a graduate of the graded
and high schools, who makes her home with her mother;
Jessie, also a graduate of the graded and high schools and
the wife of Patrick Murphy, an attorney of Charleston; Dr.
R. T., who is engaged in the practice of dentistry at Gassa-
way, West Virginia; and A. P., of this review.

A. P. Armstrong is indebted to the public schools of
Morgantown for his primary education, which was later
supplemented by three years of study in the State Univer-
sity. With this preparation he returned to his native place
of Sutton and embarked on his business career in the ca-
pacity of a public stenographer, a business in which he
gained a wide acquaintance, made numerous friends and
achieved some success. Urged by his friends, in the fall
of 1920 he allowed his name to be used as a candidate for
the office of justice of the peace, and in the November elec-
tions of that year was chosen for the office. Mr. Armstrong
has discharged the duties of his position in an entirely
capable manner, exercising the powers of his office with
dignity, impartiality and expedition. So thoroughly has he
gained the confidence of his fellow-citizens that he is often
called upon to decide disputes outside of court as an arbi-
trator, in which capacity his quiet, unswerving strength has
brought peace to disturbed conditions.

Mr. Armstrong was united in marriage at Sutton with
Miss Laura Bryson, of this city, a graduate of the public
schools, and to this union there has come one child, Bettie
Lee, born December 1, 1918. Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong are
faithful members of the Baptist Church and generous con-
tributors to various worthy causes of an educational,
religious or charitable nature. In his political allegiance.
Mr. Armstrong is a democrat, but has never allowed his
political leanings to affect his decisions. As a fraternalist
he holds membership in the local lodge of the Knights of
Pythias and is a York Rite Mason and a Noble of the
Mystic Shrine.

B. A. Hall

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 8, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 287-288

B. A. HALL, superintendent and principal of the Flat-
woods High School, is one of the scholarly men of dignified
bearing whose mature efforts are being directed toward the
betterment of the public school system of his section and
the advancement of the pupils placed under his charge.
An educator from choice, he is fortunate in having a natural
as well as acquired faculty for imparting learning, and his
pupils show the results of his watchful care and constructive

Mr. Hall was born on a farm in Braxton County, West
Virginia, December 20, 1884, a son of E. J. and Mary M.
(McElwain) Hall, the former of whom was born in Braxton
County, March 17, 1859, and the latter in Webster County,
West Virginia, in 1866. They were reared and educated in
the rural districts, and after their marriage, which occurred
in Webster County, they settled on a farm in Braxton
County. At present he is a farmer, lumberman and con-
tractor. He exercises his right of franchise by voting the
republican ticket. The children born to him and his wife
were as follows: B. A., whose name heads this review;
Bailey L., who is a resident of Buffalo, New York; Ida B.,
who is the wife of W. B. Peterson, of Western West Vir-
ginia; Floda, who is the wife of John Adams; T. S., who
is a resident of Grafton, West Virginia; Hettie, who is the
wife of Paul Lockhart; Ada S., who is the wife of Harry
Bowen, of Parkersburg, West Virginia; Van F., who is at
home; Clyde H., who is a student of the West Virginia Uni-
versity; Velma, who is attending the high school at Weston,
West Virginia; and Mona, who is attending the high school
at Grafton, West Virginia.

B. A. Hall was reared at Holstead, and first attended the
common schools and later the state normal school, of which
he is a graduate. He has also taken up special studies at
the West Virginia State University, and is always studying.
For nearly ten years he has been in charge of the Flatwood
schools, with the exception of the time he spent at Wash-
ington, D. C., during the late war, when he was connected
with the work of the Young Men’s Christian Association.

In 1916 Mr. Hall married Miss Ada L. Hall, a graduate
of the Glenville State Normal School, and prior to her
marriage a teacher for about eight years. Mr. and Mrs.
Hall have two children, namely: Evelyn and John N. Mrs.
Hall is a member of the Baptist Church. A republican, Mr.
Hall has taken an active part in politics, and is a member
of the Republican State Committee from the Tenth Sena-
torial District. Fraternally he maintains membership with
Sutton Lodge No. 133, K. of P. Mr. Hall is a man who
feels his responsibilities and endeavors to discharge them
conscientiously, and that he succeeds in doing so the results
prove. Abreast of the times in his profession, he seeks to
give his pupils the results of his experience and learning,
and his influence upon their minds and actions is proving
to be a strong factor in shaping their lives and determining
their usefulness to their community in the years to come.

Cary C. Hines

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
September 24, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 269-270
Braxton County

CARY C. HINES. A leading member of the legal fraternity
of Braxton County, who has also been identified prominently
with civic and political affairs, is Cary C. Hines, engaged
in the successful practice of his calling at Sutton for a
period of a quarter of a century. Mr. Hines was born at the
mouth of Wolf Creek, near Alderson, Monroe County, West
Virginia, March 10, 1874, the ninth son of Joseph Powell
and Lucy (Alderson) Hines.

Joseph Powell Hines was also born near the mouth of
Wolf Creek, in 1831, and died at Rock Camp, Monroe
County, in 1904. His father, William Hines, was a son of
Charles and Margaret Hines, who settled on Wolf Creek,
now in Monroe County, in which locality Charles Hines
died in 1804 and his widow, some years afterward. Joseph
Powell Hines married Lucy Alderson, who was born at
Alderson, West Virginia, in 1831, and died at Rock Camp,
Monroe County, in 1898. She was a daughter of John
Alderson and a granddaughter of Rev. John Alderson, who
preached for the Baptist congregation at Linnville Creek,
Virginia, in 1775. After two missionary trips to Green-
brier Valley in the year 1777 Rev. John Alderson came here
permanently and built his house in the Town of Alderson,
on the present site of the Alderson Hotel. He was the
founder of the Greenbrier Valley Baptist Church at Alder-
son and of the Baptist Church in the Greenbrier Valley, and
was a man widely known for his good deeds and earnest
work as a spiritual guide and advisor. He died at Alderson,
which town takes its name from his grandson, George Alder-
son, now living there in the eighty-eighth year of his age,
who in his younger days was a member of the State Legis-
lature when the capital was located at Wheeling. To
Joseph Powell and Lucy (Alderson) Hines there were born
ten sons, as follows: Jesse E., engaged in farming at
Willow Bend, this state; Charles A., a farmer of Cashmere,
West Virginia; Robert L., of Linside, Monroe County, en-
gaged in farming; George R., carrying on agricultural
operations at Cower, near St. Joseph, Missouri; Thomas
H., who is farming at Mound City, Missouri; James Elmer,
of Jackson, Ohio; John Powell, who followed farming at
Mound City, Missouri, until his death, December 16, 1921;
Samuel Oscar, formerly a traveling salesman for the Sutton
Grocery Company, who died at Johns Hopkins Hospital,
Baltimore, Maryland, December 7, 1901; Gary C., of this
review; and William E., a graduate of the law school of the
West Virginia University, class of 1891, and a senior mem-
ber of the law firm of Hines & Kelly at Sutton.

Gary C. Hines received his early education in the public
schools of Monroe County, following which he took a course
at the Concord Normal School, Athens, West Virginia. Next
he taught three terms of public school at Red Sulphur
Springs, Monroe County, and then entered the law school of
the West Virginia University, from which he was duly
graduated with his degree as a member of the class of 1897.
In that year he formed a partnership for the practice of his
profession at Sutton with R. G. Linn and W. E. R. Byrne,
of Charleston, West Virginia, under the firm style of Linn,
Byrne & Hines, which connection continued until the year
1908, when Mr. Byrne withdrew from the firm and W. F.
Morrison, Jr., was admitted, the style then becoming Linn,
Hines & Morrison. This partnership was terminated in
1919, when Mr. Linn died, but the firm of Hines & Mor-
rison continued until June 1, 1921, when Mr. Morrison
severed his connection therewith, and since that time Mr.
Hines has ben practicing alone at Sutton, Mr. Morrison
having removed to Charleston.

Mr. Hines has a large and representative practice and is
accounted one of the leaders of the Braxton County bar,
where he has been connected with numerous important cases.
He has also been identified with public affairs as a prom-
inent figure in the ranks of the democratic party. In the
democratic primary of 1904 he was a candidate for the
office of prosecuting attorney, but was defeated for the
nomination. In 1908 be was again a candidate for the same
office and received the nomination in the democratic con-
vention without opposition. Elected to the office in the
following fall, he served capably as prosecuting attorney
of Braxton County from January 1, 1909, to January 1,
1913. Mr. Hines has a number of business interests, being
president of the Central Utilities Company, which furnishes
light, power and water to Sutton besides operating the ice
plant, is a stockholder and director of the Sutton Grocery
and Milling Company, a wholesale grocery concern doing
business at Sutton, and is attorney for the Bank of Sutton,
all of which enterprises he assisted in organizing. He be-
longs to the Knights of Pythias and is a Knight Templar
Mason and a member of Beni-Kedem Temple of the Mystic
Shrine at Charleston.

On January 16, 1900, Mr. Hines was united in marriage
in Braxton County with Miss Elizabeth Morrison, daughter
of Wellington F. and Sarah E. (Berry) Morrison. Mr. and
Mrs. Hines have one daughter, Virginia Ruth, born De-
cember 5, 1901, who graduated from the Sutton High School
in 1918, at the age of seventeen years, attended one term at
the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio, and spent
two years at the Ward-Belmont School, Nashville, Tennes-
see, from which she was graduated as a member of the class
of 1922.

C. B. Chrisman

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 10, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 313

C. B. CHRISMAN. Recognized as one of the thriving com-
munities of Braxton County, Burnsville has been for many
years accepted as one of the commercial centers of this sec-
tion. Its geographical location and trade advantages make
it a desirable market, and its growth and development along
this and kindred lines have been largely due to the efforts
of business men who have devoted themselves to its ad-
vancement. These men have also contributed to progress
in encouraging the development of the large agricultural
territory contiguous to this community. Among the ener-
getic business men who have thus taken advantage of the
opportunities offered and who while advancing their own
interests have also assisted their community is C. B. Chris-
man, manager of the Kanawha Grocery Company of Burns-

Mr. Chrisman was born September 20, 1876, in Gilmer
County, West Virginia, and is a son of Ballard and Fannie
(Stalnaker) Chrisman. Ballard Chrisman was born in
June, 1847, in Virginia, a son of FIoyd and Margaret
(Neal) Chrisman, who brought their family to West Vir-
ginia at an early date and settled in Greenbrier County.
Later they moved to Gihner County and took up their
residence ten miles from Glenville. There Floyd Chrisman
spent the remainder of his long and useful life in the pur-
suits of agriculture, and died when in advanced age, with
the respect and esteem of his neighbors and acquaintances.
He was a highly religious man, a faithful member of the
Presbyterian Church, and one of the organizers of the con-
gregation of that denomination at Button. In political mat-
ters he was a stanch democrat.

Ballard Chrisman was a child when taken to Greenbrier
County, and there grew up on a farm. His education was
somewhat neglected, but he had the ambition that led him
to educate himself, and so well did he do this that he was
able to instruct others and was engaged in teaching for
several years. After his marriage he settled on a farm in
Gihner County, and there his subsequent life has been spent
in the pursuits of the soil. He has made a success of his
operations and still resides on the old place, although he is
now retired from active pursuits, having reached the ripe
old age of seventy-five years. He is a democrat in his
political belief, and his religious connection is with the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South. His first wife died in
1876, leaving one child, C. B., of this record. Later Mr.
Chrisman married again, and by his second union had five

C. B. Chrisman was an infant when his mother died and
he was taken into the home of his paternal grandmother,
who cared for him until his father married again,-when he
went to the home of his father and stepmother. After at-
tending the common schools of his native community he
pursued a course at the Glenville Normal School, and then
entered upon his career as a teacher in the rural districts.
He was thus engaged when the United States declared war
against Spain, and he enlisted in Company L, Second Regi-
ment, West Virginia Volunteer Infantry, with which he
went first to Charleston and then to Middletown. This
regiment was not called into active service, and at the close
of hostilities Mr. Chrisman received his honorable discharge
and went to Flatwoods, West Virginia, where he secured
employment as clerk in a general store. After being thus
employed for some time and learning the details of the
business, he, in 1901, came to Burnsville and engaged in the
mercantile business. Later he went to Erbacon, West Vir-
ginia, for three years, and then returned to Burnsville and
became associated with the Burnsville Grocery Company of
which he later became president. In March, 1921, he be-
came general manager of the Kanawha Grocery Company, a
large and prominent concern, which is incorporated with the
following officers: Dr. D. P. Kessler, president; C. F.
Engle, vice president; and F. D. Lemon, secretary-treasurer.
Mr. Chrisman is a man of superior business ability and one
who has won and held the confidence and esteeem of his
business associates.

In April, 1902, Mr. Chrisman married Miss Georgie Ann
strong, a product of the public schools, and to this union
there have been born three bright and interesting children:
Mabel, Fred and Bonnie, all of whom are attending school.
Mr. Chrisman belongs to Burnsville Lodge No. 87, A. F.
and A. M., of which he is a past and the present master and
a member of the Grand Lodge; Sutton Chapter No. 29, R.
A. M.; Sutton Commandery No. 16, K. T.; Lodge of Per-
fection, Clarksburg, and Consistory at Wheeling, being a
thirty-second degree Mason. In politics he is a democrat.

Clinton W. Flesher

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 8, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 289

CLINTON W. FLESHER. In the profession of law in Brax-
ton County a name that has become well known and that
ia invariably identified with legal ability and personal
probity is that of Clinton W. Flesher, a successful practi-
tioner of Gassaway. During his career Mr. Flesher has
been a teacher and has had experience in the field of insur-
ance writing, and while his prosperity has been gained in his
present calling, a part of that prosperity is probably due
to the experience gained through his connection with the
other vocations mentioned.

Mr. Flesher was born in Pleasants County, West Virginia,
September 10. 1870, and is a son of Crayton and Harriet
R. (Taylor) Flesher. His father was born in Lewis County,
West Virginia, in 1841, a son of Isaac Flesher, the latter
also born in Lewis County, in 1810. Adam Flesher, the
father of Isaac, was born in Lewis County, in 1754, at
Weston (then called Fleshersville in honor of the family),
he being the son of Henry Flesher, who was born in Eng-
land and immigrated to America when a boy, settling at
Weston. Henry Flesher settled as a pioneer in Lewis
County, where he built a fort on the site of Weston as a
protection against the savages in 1730, but in spite of this
precaution he and his family were surprised and all slaugh-
tered later by the hostiles with the exception of the mother
and one son, Adam, who managed to make their escape to
the distant fort at the point now known as Janelew.

Crayton Flesher grew to maturity in his home community,
where he received his education in the public schools, and as
a youth learned the trade of carpenter, which he was fol-
lowing at Parkersburg as an apprentice at the time of the
outbreak of the war between the North and the South. He
enlisted in the Union army and served bravely with an
infantry regiment of volunteers until the close of the war,
at which time he returned to Pleasants County and resumed
his trade, which he followed with success until his death,
October 1, 1879, when his son was ouly nine years of age.
His widow still survives him at an advanced age, being a
resident of Williamstown, West Virginia. They became
the parents of six sons, as follows: Clinton W., of this
notice; Harry E., a graduate of the State Normal School
at Fairmont, and now superintendent of the Industrial
School for Boys at Pruntytown; T. Earl, who is engaged in
agricultural operations in the vicinity of Fleming, Ohio;
Forest P., who is engaged in the contracting business in
Oklahoma; Okey J., who is following the machinist’s trade
at Jackson, Michigan; and Crayton, Jr., who is deceased.

Clinton W. Flesher was reared on a farm in Pleasants
County, West Virginia, and received his early education in
the graded schools. Later he pursued a course at the normal
school at Fairmont, West Virginia, from which he was
graduated in 1894, and for ten years thereafter taught
school, his last work as an educator being in the office of
superintendent of the city schools of Elkins, this state.
During this time Mr. Flesher studied law, and, having been
admitted to the bar, applied himself to the practice of his
calling and the writing of insurance at Knoxville, Tennessee.
In 1905 he came to Gassaway, where he has since been en-
gaged in the practice of his vocation, with a constantly
increasing practice. In September, 1916, Mr. Flesher was
appointed referee in bankruptcy by Judge Benjamin F.
Keller, and has served in that capacity to the present time.
In the ranks of his profession he is held in high esteem, and
his official record has always been an excellent one.

On September 1, 1896, Mr. Flesher was united in mar-
riage with Miss Mary E. Powell, who was educated in the
public schools of Elkins, West Virginia, where prior to her
marriage she was engaged in teaching. To this union there
have come two children. Lucille, born July 1, 1899, is a
graduate of the high school at Buckhannon, and at present
is a. senior at Goucher College at Baltimore, Maryland.
Clinton Wellrose, Jr., born December 16, 1905, is a fresh-
man at the West Virginia University. Mr. and Mrs.
Flesher are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
and Mr. Flesher was president of the Conference Laymen’s
Association from 1907 to 1919. He was a delegate to the
general conference in 1912, 1916 and 1920. He has also
served as a member of the Board of Sunday Schools and is
a member of the executive committee of the International
Sunday School Association. Mr. Flesher is a member of
Bright Hope Lodge No. 557, F. and A. M., at Knoxville,
of which he ia a past master, is a thirty-second degree
Mason, and belongs to Osiris Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., at
Wheeling, West Virginia, in all of which he has numerous
friends. His business interests are numerous and important,
and he is nearly as well known as a capable business man
as he is as a skilled and industrious attorney. He is a
stockholder in the Gassaway Development Company and the
Gassaway Pharmacy, and is owner of the Flesher Building,
in which the postoffice is situated. He is counsel for the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the Gassaway Development
Company, Standard & Company and the J. C. Penoyer
Company, and represents R. G. Dun and other agencies.
He and Mrs. Flesher belong to the Order of the Eastern
Star, and Mr. Flesher is also a member of the Knights of

Don Cunningham

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
September 24, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 266
Braxton County

DON CUNNINGHAM. Although one of the younger mem-
bers of the Braxton County Bar Association, Don Cunning-
ham has already proven his ability as a lawyer and worth
as a man, and is enjoying a large and growing practice at
Gassaway. He is a veteran of the World war, and his record
as a soldier is characteristic of the man. He was born in
Randolph County, West Virginia, June 17, 1895, a son
of David S. and Minnie (Warner) Cunningham, born in
1858 and 1865, respectively. The paternal grandfather was
Solomon F. Cunningham, and the family is of Scotch-Irish
descent. David S. Cunningham was reared on a farm, and
educated in the free and normal schools of West Virginia.
During his younger years he was engaged in teaching school
and held a first-grade certificate, but later on in life carried
on an extensive business as a lumber merchant, and was a
member of the lumberman’s organization known as Hoo
Hoos. In his political sentiments and actions he was a re-
publican, and stanch in his party support. The Presbyte-
rian Church held his membership. The following children
were born to him and his wife: Guy, who is a graduate of
the Keyser preparatory branch of West Virginia University,
and is at home; Warren, who is auditor of the Central West
Virginia & Southern Railroad; Margaret, the wife of Floyd
Harris; Robert, a resident of Montrose, Randolph County,
West Virginia; and Don, whose name heads this review.

Don Cunningham was reared in Randolph and Tucker
counties, and attended the public schools, the West Virginia
Preparatory School at Keyser, West Virginia, and Wash-
ington and Lee University, being graduated from the law
department of the latter institution with the degree of
Bachelor of Laws. In 1917 Mr. Cunningham enlisted in his
country’s service as a private, rose through the ranks to
second lieutenant, and was at Camp Lee as an instructor
when the armistice was signed. Following his honorable
discharge he was placed in the Officers’ Reserve Corps of the
United States army. Following his discharge Mr. Cunning-
ham went to Elkins, West Virginia, and took the West
Virginia bar examination, was admitted to the bar Septem-
ber 30, 1919, for a short time was engaged in practice at
Elkins, and in March, 1921, came to Gassaway, where he
has since remained.

Mr. Cunningham married, March 12, 1921, Miss Ida L.
League, a graduate of the public schools and the Southern
Seminary at Buena Vista, Virginia. She is a daughter of
John S. and Grace B. (Woolford) Leagne, the former of
whom is a jeweler of Gassaway. Mr. Cunningham belongs
to Gassaway Lodge No. 196, K. of P., in which he is master
of finance; and to the Loyal Order of Moose. Mrs. Cun-
ningham is a member of the Pythian Sisters. She is an
active worker in and member of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, to which Mr. Cunningham is a liberal contributor.
The republican party and ticket receives the strong support
of the Cunninghams. Thoroughly abreast of the times, with
excellent abilities, both natural and carefully trained, Mr.
Cunningham brings to his practice and also to his civic
responsibilities the enthusiasms of youth and the results of
thoughtful preparation, and is rapidly advancing to a strong
position among the legal practicioners of his native state.

Charles A. Duffield

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 10, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 312

CHARLES A. DUFFIELD. Three occupations, agriculture,
merchandising and contracting, have occupied the activities
of Charles A. Duffield, of Sutton, during a career that has
been prolific in achievement. In each of these fields of en-
deavor he has won his way to the forefront through the
exercise of close application, capacity for management and
native ability, and also in each field he has maintained a
well-earned reputation for high business principles and
sound integrity. He also may lay claim to belonging to the
self-made class, having worked his own way, unaided, to
his present position.

Mr. Duffield is a product of the agricultural community
of the section in which he now lives, having been born on a
farm in Braxton County, June 15, 1873, a son of E. D.
and Araminta (Keener) Duffield. His father was born in
Clay County, West Virginia, in 1845, and as a youth came
to Braxton County, where he married Miss Keener, who had
been born in this county in 1850, and who, like himself, had
received a country school education. After their marriage
they settled down to farming, in addition to which Mr.
Duffield also engaged in lumbering to some extent. Al-
though he has reached his seventy-seventh year, he continues
to be interested in agricultural matters and carries on opera-
tions in Braxton County on quite an extensive scale. He is
a democrat in his political allegiance, but has never taken
other than a good citizen’s interest in public affairs, having
never been an office seeker. He and his worthy wife are
faithful members of the Baptist Church. They have been
the parents of ten children, of whom nine are living:
Sarah J., the wife of James Smith; Charles A., of this
review; Emma, the wife of Wilbur Eckle; John, a resident
of Sutton; Clarence, a resident of Charleston; James A.,
engaged in merchandising at Sutton; Will; Robert, a rail-
road man of Sutton; and Mollie, the wife of U. R. Duffield.

The childhood and youth of Charles A. Duffield were
passed in the midst of an agricultural atmosphere, and his
early education was acquired in the country schools. This
was supplemented by a course at the Mountain State Busi-
ness College of Parkersburg, West Virginia, and when he
graduated therefrom he adopted the vocation of teaching
school in the country districts of Braxton County. The
country at large is beginning to recognize more fully than
formerly that no better preparation can be given a man
for his life work, no matter in what arena, than that
afforded in the labors of an educator. Learning to dis-
cipline others, to impart to expanding minds many and
varied facts, seem to give a man an insight into human
nature and a knowledge of the motives which govern the
masses. Mr. Duffield’s experience in this line proved of
great value to him when he later entered the business of
lumber merchandising and water well contracting, fields in
which he has risen to well-merited success. He has also
found prosperity in his ventures as an agriculturist, and in
each line his success has been all his own and by no means
due to the assistance of others.

In October, 1902, Mr. Duffield was united in marriage
with Miss Bessie Carper, who was born and reared in
Braxton County, where she received her education in the
common schools. To them have been born five children:
Gertrude, who attended the State University and is a
graduate of the Sutton High School, where she is now
teaching a class; Genevieve, also a high school graduate,
who is attending the State University; Joseph, who is at-
tending high school; and Charles A., Jr., and Paul, who are
attending the graded schools. Mrs. Duffield is a member of
the Baptist Church, and the children are being reared in
that faith. Mr. Duffield in politics is a democrat, but has
not been a seeker for public office.

Emery B. Duffield

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
Valerie & Tommy Crook
November 26, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 316

EMERY B. DUFFIELD. It was at a time when development
and progress were Just reaching their full force that Emery
B. Duffield located at Burnsville. He had already demon-
strated business ability and shown foresight in fostering
and furthering enterprises in several sections where be had
a tentative home, but it was not until he located at Burns-
ville that he permitted his progressive ideas full scope for
expression which resulted in the founding and solid upbuild-
ing of a successful hardware enterprise. Like many another
successful man, he began at the bottom of the ladder, being
first a rural school teacher, and when he left that calling
worked with his hands, a fact of which he has never been

Mr. Duffield was born on a farm in Braxton County, West
Virginia, November 17, 1873, and is a son of Jonathan and
Martha (Hamric) Duffield. His father was born in the
same neighborhood, in 1848, and received his education in
the country schools, following which he helped his father
on the home farm until his marriage to Miss Hamric, who
was born in his home locality in 1844, and who, like her
husband, had a common school education. Following their
marriage they settled on a farm situated nine miles south-
west of Sutton, where Mr. Duffield through industry and
good management accumulated a good property, on which he
installed valuable and substantial improvements and there
rounded out a long, useful and worthy life, passing away
in 1900, when fifty-two years of age. A man of integrity
and public spirit, he had the respect and esteem of his
fellow citizens. He was a democrat in his political allegi-
ance. His religious faith was that of the Baptist Church, to
which belongs Mrs. Duffield, who survived him at the ad-
vanced age of seventy-eight years. They were the parents
of four children, of whom three are living in 1922: Henry
C., of Sutton; Tabitha, the wife of J. E. Baughman, of
that city and Emery B.

Emery B. Duffield received his education in the pub-
lic schools and resided on the home farm until he was
twenty-seven years of age. In the summer months he as-
sisted his father, but in the winter terms, from the time he
was sixteen years of age, he taught in the neighborhood
schools, and became widely and popularly known as an
educator. In 1903 he was elected superintendent of schools
of Braxton County, an office which he filled with credit
until 1907, in which year he located at Sutton and estab-
lished himself in the insurance business. This venture
occupied his time and attention until 1912, in which year
he came to Burnsville and established himself in the hard-
ware business, a line which he has followed with gratifying
success to the present time. In his modern and well-
arranged establishment Mr. Duffield carries a full line of
shelf and heavy hardware, furnaces, stoves, tinware, etc.,
and enjoys a large trade, attracted alike by the modern
stock, the popular prices and the genial and obliging na-
ture of the proprietor. Among his associates Mr. Duffield
is accounted a strictly reliable and capable man of busi-
ness and one who has succeeded through none of the prac-
tices of the business charlatan, but along strictly legitimate
channels of trade.

On December 27, 1902, Mr. Duffield was united in mar-
riage with Miss Nettie Shaver, and to this union there
were born two sons: Vanghn H. and Henry K., the for-
mer now attending Broaddus College. Mrs. Duffield died
in February, 1908, and Mr. Duffield married Miss Cora
Dulin. They have two daughters: Ethel and Martha.
Mr. and Mrs. Duffield are members of the Baptist Church,
in which he is a deacon and clerk, and in the work of which
he has been helpfully active. As a fraternalist he holds
membership in Crystal Lodge No. 125, I. O. O. F., and the
Grand Lodge. His political sentiments cause him to sup-
port the democratic party.

Fred Lee Fox

Biographical Sketches of Members of Congress, Members of the Legislature,
Officers of the State Governement and judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
West Virigina, 1917

West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1917,
Compiled and Edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate,
The Tribune Printing Co., Charleston, West Va.
pgs. 719 – 770


pg. 724

FOX, FRED LEE. (Democrat.) Address: Sutton,
West Va. Was born in Braxton county, West Virginia,
October 24, 1876; received his education in the common
schools of Braxton county and at the West Virginia Uni-
versity; by profession is an attorney at law, holding the
degree of L. L. B. from the University; was elected to the
State Senate in 1912 from the Tenth District; re-elected in
1916; is a hold-over Senator; in the sessions of 1915 and
1917 he was active and prominent as Democratic floor
leader; committee assignments in 1917: Judiciary, Coun-
ties and Municipal Corporations, Militia, Insurance,
Claims and Grievances, Public Printing, Rules and the
Virginia Debt.

Submitted by: Valerie Crook