John Marshall

Submitted to the West Virginia Biographies Project by:
December 7, 1999

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume II
pg 100

John Marshall, a busy Parkersburg lawyer, represents the third successive
generation of that family in the legal profession, and his ancestry
altogether is one that has had a close relationship with the history of the
Western Virginia country from earliest pioneer times.

His great-great-grandfather, Aaron Marshall, was a soldier under General
Washington during the French and Indian war, lived prior to the Revolution in
Soutwestern Pennsylvania, and in 1780 moved to Hancock County, Virginia. His
son John, who was born in 1782 and died in 1859, spent his entire life in
Hancock County. James G. Marshall, grandfather of the Parkersburg lawyer,
was born in Hancock county, November 21, 1826, and died October 6, 1902. He
was an able attorney and served twenty-four years as prosecuting attorney of
Hancock County. He was a republican, and his example in politics has been
followed by subsequent generations. He married Lavina Miller, and her two
sons, Erastus D. and Oliver S., both became lawyers.

Oliver S. Marshall, whose home is at New Cumberland in Hancock County, was
born September 24, 1850. He graduated from Bethany College in 1878, and has
for many years served as a trustee of that institution. He was a member of
the State Senate three times, being president of the Senate in 1899, and was
a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1892. Oliver S. Marshall
married, September 8, 1880, Elizabeth Tarr, who was born at Wellsburg, this
state, daughter of Campbell and Nancy (Hammond) Tarr. Campbell Tarr was one
of the historic figures in the formation of the State of West Virginia, and
as a delegate from Brooke County withdrew from the secession convention at
Richmond. He was a member of the conventions at Wheeling, served as
treasurer of the Provisional Government, and was the first state treasurer.

John Marshall, only son of Oliver S. and Elizabeth (Tarr) Marshall, was born
July 28, 1881, at New Cumberland He finished his literary education at
Bethany College, where he graduated A. B. and A. M. in 1902, received his A.
B. degree from Yale College in 1903, and graduated in law from the University
of West Virginia in 1904. The following year he began his practice at
Parkersburg, and has gained prominence both as an able business lawyer and on
the public side of his profession. From 1908 to 1912 he was assistant United
States attorney of the Northern District of West Virginia. Mr. Marshall was
a delegate from West Virginia to the Republican National Convention at
Chicago in 1920. In 1921 he was appointed special assistant to the United
States attorney general to try cases involving alien enemy property seized by
the Government.

Besides his work as a lawyer he has been a director of the Smoot Advertising
Company, Ohio Valley Publishing Company, Parkersburg Publishing Company,
Parkersburg Ohio Bridge Company, United States Roofing & Tile Company, and a
director of the Chamber of Commerce. He has been for several years chairman
of the Wood County Chapter of the American Red Cross. He was the organizer
and first president of the Rotary Club at Parkersburg, is a member of the
college fraternities Beta Theta Pi, Delti Chi, Theta Nu Epsilon, and is a
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also a member
of the Parkersburg Country Club, Blennerhassett Club, and is a member of the
Christian Church.

M. Marshall married, January 25, 1906, at Wheeling, Miss Rebecca Cooper
Pauli, a native of Wheeling and daughter of Joseph F. and Emma (Senseney)
Pauli. Her grandparents were Judge James and Jane Ann (Fry) Pauli. The
former was a judge of the Supreme Court of West Virginia. Her grandmother
was a daughter of Judge Joseph L. Fry, who was a descendant of Colonel Fry,
at one time colonel of the Virginia regiment in which George Washington was
lieutenant-colonel. Washington succeeded to the command of the regiment when
Colonel Fry was killed in action. Mrs. Marshall’s father was a prominent
Wheeling manufacturer and financier. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall have two
children: John, Jr., born February 22, 1908, and Joseph Pauli, born May 29,